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Ibn Kathir on Mercy and Patience with the People

“Then he became among those who have faith and those who enjoin patience and those who enjoin mercy.”

By Abu Amina Elias / 25 May 2013

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Ibn Kathir writes in his commentary on Surah Al-Balad:

Allah said:

ثُمَّكَانَمِنَالَّذِينَآمَنُواوَتَوَاصَوْابِالصَّبْرِوَتَوَاصَوْابِالْمَرْحَمَةِ

“Then he became among those who have faith and those who enjoin patience and those who enjoin mercy.”

Surah Al-Balad 90:17

This means he was among the believers who perform righteous deeds, and he enjoined patience with the harm caused by people and he enjoined mercy for them. This is like what has been narrated in the following traditions:

Abdullah ibn Amr (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

الرَّاحِمُونَيَرْحَمُهُمْالرَّحْمَنُارْحَمُواأَهْلَالْأَرْضِيَرْحَمْكُمْمَنْفِيالسَّمَاءِ

Those who are merciful will be shown mercy by the Merciful. Be merciful to the people of the earth and the One above the heavens will have mercy upon you.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 4941, Grade: Sahih

Jareer ibn Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَايَرْحَمُاللَّهُمَنْلَايَرْحَمُالنَّاسَ

Allah will not be merciful to those who are not merciful to the people.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 6941, Grade: Sahih

Abdullah ibn Amr (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْلَمْيَرْحَمْصَغِيرَنَاوَيَعْرِفْحَقَّكَبِيرِنَافَلَيْسَمِنَّا

He who does not show mercy to our little ones or recognize the rights of our elders is not one of us.

Source: Musnad Ahmad 7033, Grade: Sahih

Then Allah said:

أُولَٰئِكَأَصْحَابُالْمَيْمَنَةِ

“Those are the companions of the right.”

Surah Al-Balad 90:18

This means those people who have been described with these characteristics are the people of the right-side who go to Paradise.

Source: Tafseer Ibn Kathir, verse 90:17

وَقَوْلُهُوَتَوَاصَوْابِالصَّبْرِوَتَوَاصَوْابِالْمَرْحَمَةِأَيْكَانَمِنَالْمُؤْمِنِينَالْعَامِلِينَصَالِحًاالْمُتَوَاصِينَبِالصَّبْرِعَلَىأَذَىالنَّاسِوَعَلَىالرَّحْمَةِبِهِمْكَمَاجَاءَفِيالْحَدِيثِالرَّاحِمُونَيَرْحَمُهُمُالرَّحْمَنُارْحَمُوامَنْفِيالْأَرْضِيَرْحَمُكُمْمَنْفِيالسَّمَاءِوَفِيالْحَدِيثِالْآخَرِلَايَرْحَمُاللَّهُمَنْلَايَرْحَمُالنَّاسَ

وَقَالَأَبُودَاوُدَحَدَّثَنَاأَبُوبَكْرٍبْنُأَبِيشَيْبَةَحَدَّثَنَاسُفْيَانُعَنِابْنِأَبِينَجِيحٍعَنِابْنِعَامِرٍعَنْعَبْدِاللَّهِبْنِعَمْرٍويَرْوِيهِقَالَمَنْلَمْيَرْحَمْصَغِيرَنَاوَيَعْرِفْحَقَّكَبِيرِنَافَلَيْسَمِنَّا

وَقَوْلُهُأُولَئِكَأَصْحَابُالْمَيْمَنَةِأَيِالْمُتَّصِفُونَبِهَذِهِالصِّفَاتِمِنْأَصْحَابِالْيَمِينِ

تفسيرابنكثيرسورةالبلد

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

 

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