Saturday 8 August 2020 \

 

The reality of the punishment of the grave

“We shall punish them twice and then they will be returned to a great punishment”(9:101)

By Mawlana Saanwal ibn Muhammad / 26 Oct 2013

It is the belief (aqidah) of the Ahl al-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jama’ah that the punishment in the grave is a reality which is proven from the Qur’an and ahadith. Hereunder are some references.

Verses from the Qurān:

النَّارُيُعْرَضُونَعَلَيْهَاغُدُوًّاوَعَشِيًّا. وَيَوْمَتَقُومُالسَّاعَةُأَدْخِلُواآلَفِرْعَوْنَأَشَدَّالْعَذَابِ

“And they will be exposed to the fire day and night. Then, on the day the hour will rise (day of judgement), it shall be said to the Angels: Cast the people of the Pharaoh into the severest punishment!”(40:46)

“Our scholars have substantiated the punishment in the grave with this verse of the Qur’an. They say: ‘The verse indicates that fire will be brought to them morning and evening and this does not refer to the day of judgment as Allah says: “And on the day judgment will be established, cast you the people of Pharaoh in the severest penalty” (i.e. it is referring to a time that is before the day of judgement). It also does not refer to this world, as bringing them to the fire did not occur in this world. Therefore, it becomes evident that this happened after their death and will happen before the Day of Judgment, thus it proves the establishment of the punishment in the grave. When it is established and proved for Pharaoh’s people it will also be established for others, as there is no reason of distinction”(Tafsir al-Kabir)

“This verse is a fundamental evidence for the Ahl al-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jama’ah in establishing the punishment of the grave”.(Tafsir ibn Kathir)

سَنُعَذِّبُهُممَّرَّتَيْنِثُمَّيُرَدُّونَإِلَىٰعَذَابٍعَظِيمٍ

“We shall punish them twice and then they will be returned to a great punishment”(9:101)

Tabarani narrates from Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) that he said; “Once on Friday the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) gave a sermon. And then he said: ‘Allah has disgraced the hypocrites in the world and that is the first punishment and the second punishment will be in the grave.’”

وَلَوْتَرَىٰإِذِالظَّالِمُونَفِيغَمَرَاتِالْمَوْتِوَالْمَلَائِكَةُبَاسِطُوأَيْدِيهِمْأَخْرِجُواأَنفُسَكُمُ. الْيَوْمَتُجْزَوْنَعَذَابَالْهُونِبِمَاكُنتُمْتَقُولُونَعَلَىاللَّهِغَيْرَالْحَقِّوَكُنتُمْعَنْآيَاتِهِتَسْتَكْبِرُونَ

“If only you could see when the wrongdoers are in the throes of death and the Angels are stretching out their hands saying “Bring forth your souls! This day you shall be recompensed with the torment of disgrace because of what you used to say about Allah other than the truth. And you grew arrogant against his signs!”(6:93)

This is an address to the wrong doers while they are dying, informing them that they will be severely tormented on the very day of their death. If the punishment were to be postponed to the Day of Judgement, they would not have been told: “This day you shall be recompensed”. This proves that there is a torment in the grave.

References from the ahadith:

عَنْعَائِشَةَقَالَتْعَنِالنَّبِيِّصَلَّىاللهُعَلَيْهِوَسَلَّمَقَالَ: إِنَّلِلْقَبْرِضَغْطَةً،وَلَوْنَجَاأَوْسَلِمَأَحَدٌمِنْهَالَنَجَاسَعْدُبْنُمُعَاذٍ

“A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) narrates that Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) said; “Verily there is a constriction in the grave and if anyone was to pass it or be safe from it, it would be Sa’d bin Muadh.” (Musnad Ahmad, Musnad Bazzar, Shu‘ab al-Iman, Sahih Ibn Hibban, Musnad Ibn al-Ja’d)

قَالَرَسُولُاللَّهِصَلَّىاللَّهُعَلَيْهِوَسَلَّمَ: «إِنَّمَاالقَبْرُرَوْضَةٌمِنْرِيَاضِالجَنَّةِأَوْحُفْرَةٌمِنْحُفَرِالنَّارِ

Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: “The grave is a garden from the gardens of Paradise or a pit from the pits of Hell” (Sunan al-Tirmidhi)

عَنْهَانِئٍ،مَوْلَىعُثْمَانَ،قَالَ: كَانَعُثْمَانُبْنُعَفَّانَإِذَاوَقَفَعَلَىقَبْرٍيَبْكِيحَتَّىيَبُلَّلِحْيَتَهُ،فَقِيلَلَهُ: تَذْكُرُالْجَنَّةَوَالنَّارَ،وَلَاتَبْكِي،وَتَبْكِيمِنْهَذَا؟قَالَ: إِنَّرَسُولَاللَّهِصَلَّىاللهُعَلَيْهِوَسَلَّمَ،قَالَ: إِنَّالْقَبْرَأَوَّلُمَنَازِلِالْآخِرَةِ،فَإِنْنَجَامِنْهُ،فَمَابَعْدَهُأَيْسَرُمِنْهُ،وَإِنْلَمْيَنْجُمِنْهُ،فَمَابَعْدَهُأَشَدُّمِنْهُ

قَالَ: وَقَالَرَسُولُاللَّهِصَلَّىاللهُعَلَيْهِوَسَلَّمَ: «مَارَأَيْتُمَنْظَرًاقَطُّإِلَّاوَالْقَبْرُأَفْظَعُمِنْهُ

Hani’ the freed slave of ‘Utman (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that when ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan would stand in front of a grave, he would cry until his beard would become moist. It was once said to him; “You mention Heaven and Hell and you don’t cry yet you cry from this?” He replied; “Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) said; ‘Verily the grave is the first hurdle from the hurdles of the Hereafter. If one succeeds in it, then what is to come after it will be easier for him. However, if does not succeed in it, then what is to come after it will be harder for him.’”

He also said that Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: “I have not seen a sight except that the grave is more horrific than it.” (Sunan Ibn Majah)

كَانَسَعْدٌيُعَلِّمُبَنِيهِهَؤُلاَءِالكَلِمَاتِكَمَايُعَلِّمُالمُعَلِّمُالغِلْمَانَالكِتَابَةَوَيَقُولُ: إِنَّرَسُولَاللَّهِصَلَّىاللهُعَلَيْهِوَسَلَّمَكَانَيَتَعَوَّذُمِنْهُنَّدُبُرَالصَّلاَةِ: اللَّهُمَّإِنِّيأَعُوذُبِكَمِنَالجُبْنِ،وَأَعُوذُبِكَأَنْأُرَدَّإِلَىأَرْذَلِالعُمُرِ،وَأَعُوذُبِكَمِنْفِتْنَةِالدُّنْيَا،وَأَعُوذُبِكَمِنْعَذَابِالقَبْرِ

Sa’d (Allah be pleased with him) used to teach his children the following words like how a teacher teaches children to write. He used to say; “Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) used to seek Allah’s refuge from these things after every salah; ‘Oh Allah, I seek your protection from cowardice and I seek your protection from that I am sent forth to a feeble age and I seek refuge in you from the trials of the world and I seek refuge in you from the punishment of the grave.’” (Sahih al-Bukhari,Sunan al-Nasai)

عَنْعَائِشَةَرَضِيَاللَّهُعَنْهَا: أَنَّيَهُودِيَّةًدَخَلَتْعَلَيْهَا،فَذَكَرَتْعَذَابَالقَبْرِ،فَقَالَتْلَهَا: أَعَاذَكِاللَّهُمِنْعَذَابِالقَبْرِ،فَسَأَلَتْعَائِشَةُرَسُولَاللَّهِصَلَّىاللهُعَلَيْهِوَسَلَّمَعَنْعَذَابِالقَبْرِ،فَقَالَ: نَعَمْ،عَذَابُالقَبْرِ.قَالَتْعَائِشَةُرَضِيَاللَّهُعَنْهَا: فَمَارَأَيْتُرَسُولَاللَّهِصَلَّىاللهُعَلَيْهِوَسَلَّمَبَعْدُصَلَّىصَلاَةًإِلَّاتَعَوَّذَمِنْعَذَابِالقَبْرِ

"A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) narrates that a Jewess came to her and mentioned the punishment of the grave and said; “May Allah protect you from the punishment of the grave.” So ‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) asked Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) about the punishment of the grave and Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) said; “There is a punishment of the grave”. ‘A’isha says that I never saw Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) pray a salah after that instance except that he seeked refuge from the punishment of the grave. (Sahih al-Bukhari)

عَنِابْنِعَبَّاسٍرَضِيَاللَّهُعَنْهُمَا،مَرَّالنَّبِيُّصَلَّىاللهُعَلَيْهِوَسَلَّمَعَلَىقَبْرَيْنِفَقَالَ: «إِنَّهُمَالَيُعَذَّبَانِوَمَايُعَذَّبَانِمِنْكَبِيرٍ.ثُمَّقَالَ: بَلَىأَمَّاأَحَدُهُمَافَكَانَيَسْعَىبِالنَّمِيمَةِ،وَأَمَّاأَحَدُهُمَافَكَانَلاَيَسْتَتِرُمِنْبَوْلِهِ…

Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that once Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) passed by two graves and said; “Verily both of them are getting punished albeit not from a major sin.” Then he said; “This one used to be a tale bearer and this one did not safeguard himself from his urine.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)

Above are only a few ahadith. There are numerous other narrations in the other books.

Consensus of the salaf

Our illustrious, wise sincere predecessors (salaf) also accepted, believed in and preached the reality of the punishment of the grave. Below are just a few quotes:

ونؤمنبعذابالقبرلمنكانلهاهل. قالابوحنيفة: منانكرعذابالقبرفهومنالطبقةالجهميهالهالكة.

 

“And we believe in the punishment of the grave for the people who deserve it. Imam Abu Hanifa said: Whosoever denies the punishment of the grave, then he is from the perishing Jahmiyyah group.”(Sharh ‘Aqidah al-Tahawiyyah)

وعذابالقبرللكافرينولبعضعصاةالمؤمنين

“And the punishment of the grave is for the disbelievers and for some of the disobedient believers.”  (Sharh ‘Aqa’id al-Nasafiyyah)

وضغطةالقبروعذابهحقكاءنللكفاركلهمولبعضعصاةالمؤمنينحقجاءز

“And the constriction of the grave and the punishment of the grave for all of the disbelievers. And for some of the disobedient believers it is a true possibility.”(Al-Fiqh al-Akbar)

الإيمانبعذابالقبروفتنتهواجب. والتصديقبهلازم

Imam Qurtubi (Allah have mercy on him) states: “Belief in the punishment of the grave and its trials is obligatory and affirming it is incumbent.” (Al-Tadhkirah bi-Ahwal al-Mawt wa ‘l-Akhirah)

قالالمروذيقَالَ: لناأَبُوعَبْدِاللَّهِعذابالقبرحقماينكرهإلاضالمضل

Murwadhi says: Imam Abu ‘Abdullah (Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (Allah have mercy on him)) told us; “The punishment of the grave is haqq and none deny it except a person who is deviated and one who deviates.” (Tabaqat al-Hanabilah)

The ahadith in support of the punishment of the grave are mutawatir. Contrary to the belief of some who contend that there is no shar’ī basis for the punishment of the grave.

Imam al-Taftazani (Allah have mercy on him) states in his commentary of al-’Aqa’id al-Nasafiyyah; “In general the narrations on this subject (punishment of the grave) and on many of the states of the next world are mutawatir in meaning, although the individual narrations taken separately do not attain the rank of tawatur” (Sharh ‘Aqa’id al-Nasafiyyah, p.127, Dar al-Bayruti)

Imam al-Suyuti (Allah have mercy on him) compiled seventy such narrations in his excellent book Sharh al-Sudur fi Ahwal al-Mawta wa ‘l-Qubur. He says; “The narrations with regards to the punishment of the grave have reached the level of certainty (tawatur). They have been reported by a group of Companions (Allah be pleased with them all)”. (Sharh al-Sudur, p.119, Dar al-Madani)

The punishment of the grave has been so clearly proven that the the four main fuqaha (Imam Abu Hanifa, Shafi’i, Ahmad and Malik), all the muhaddithin (hadith scholars) and aslaf are all unanimous on the fact that the punishment of the grave is a reality and they all believe in it. These are the people who were given the true understanding of the Qur’an and ahadith.

And Allah Knows Best

 

We recommend

Social Networks