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An-Nawawi on Seculsion in the Mosque during Ramadan, I’tikaf

Seek seclusion (i’tikaf) in the mosque during the last ten nights of Ramadan.

By Abu Amina Elias / 22 Jul 2013

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

An-Nawawi records in his book Riyad us-Saliheen:

Abdullah ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, reported: 

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَّمَ يَعْتَكِفُ الْعَشْرَ الْأَوَاخِرَ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would seek seclusion (i’tikaf) in the mosque during the last ten nights of Ramadan.

Source: SahihBukhari 1921, Grade: Mutaffaqun Alayhi

Aisha, mayAllah be pleased with her, reported:

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَّمَ كَانَ يَعْتَكِفُ الْعَشْرَ الْأَوَاخِرَ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ حَتَّى تَوَفَّاهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ ثُمَّ اعْتَكَفَ أَزْوَاجُهُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, used to retreat in the mosque during the last ten nights of Ramadan until Allah the Exalted took him. His wives continued to observe this practice after him.

Source: Sahih Muslim 1172, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him, reported:

كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَّمَ يَعْتَكِفُ فِي كُلِّ رَمَضَانٍ عَشْرَةَ أَيَّامٍ فَلَمَّا كَانَ الْعَامُ الَّذِي قُبِضَ فِيهِ اعْتَكَفَ عِشْرِينَ يَوْمًا

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would seek seclusion in the mosque for ten days during every Ramadan, and in the year he passed away he sought seclusion for twenty days.

Source: SahihBukhari 1939, Grade: Sahih

Imam Ash-Shafi’ee, may Allah have mercy on them, said:

وَ مَنْ أَرَادَ الِاقْتِدَاءَ بِالنَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَّمَ فِي الِاعْتِكَافِ فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ فَيَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَدْخُلَ الْمَسْجِدَ قَبْلَ غُرُوبِ الشَّمْسِ لَيْلَةَالْحَادِي وَ الْعِشْرِينَ مِنْهُ

Whoever desires to follow the example of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, should seek seclusion in the mosque during the last ten nights of Ramadan; so let him enter the mosque before the setting of the sun on the twenty first night.

Source: Al-Majmu An-Nawawi 501

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

 

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