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The Messenger’s Mission (pbuh)

The Messenger’s Mission ﷺ

By Dr. Mohammed Rateb Nabulsi / 2 Feb 2013 

1-Conveying the Divine Shari’ah (Islamic law) to people:

The first mission among the Prophet’smissions is to convey the Divine Shari’ah to people, Allah says:

(O Messenger (Muhammad)! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message. Allah will protect you from mankind. Verily, Allah guides not the people who disbelieve.) [Surat Al Maida, 5:67]

Tableegh (Conveying the Divine message) is the first mission of the Prophet, which requires trustfulness, as the Prophet has to convey the Divine mission exactly as it is descended from Allah without any addition, diminution, or deviation, and as it should be according to the Divine order without any changing, alteration, or concealment.

If the Divine message was descended texts from Allah (Quran) as words and meanings, then the messenger should covey it as is, hence, what we have in our hands (Quran) is conveyed by the Prophet , and it is exactly what was brought down by the trustworthy Ruh [Jibrael (Gabriel)].

2-Explaining the indications of Qur’an:

The second mission is: For a profound wisdom that we might or might not comprehend, Allah the Almighty descended Quran as a comprehensive and inclusive Book, not to mention that the syntax of the Quranic text is polysemous, either in its interpretation, meanings, or indications.

This nature of the Noble Quran is to honor mankind, as it opens a wide gate to mankind for Ijtihad (juristic deduction), Ta’weel (interpretation), Tafseer (exegesis), and Istinbat (deriviation), and all the deriviations between our hands by notable scholars, and jurisprudents (May Allah be pleased with them all), and all the Shari’ah that we have now are a result of the Quranic polysemous synatex.

3-Guiding the nation to the good and warning them from the bad:

The third mission is: guiding the nation to the best of their well fair as He knows it, and warning them from the worst of their well fair as He knows it.

The Prophet knows what the rest of us don’t know, sees what the rest of us don’t see, comprehends what the rest of us don’t comprehend, and feels what the rest of us don’t feel, all that because of His closeness to Allah, his approaching to Him, his lateral thinking, his right vision, and his deep comprehension.

Hence, in addition to his first mission of conveying the message and his second mission of explaining it, there is the mission of guiding the nation to what we benefit from and staving it off what harms it.

The Prophet left us what we can benefit from in our relations, like how to treat wives? How to treat our brothers? How to be fair to them? How to deal with people around us? How to sell? How to buy? And so forth.

 Abdul Rahman Ibn Abdu RabilKabaa transmitted that he had entered the mosque once, and Abdullah Bin Amru Ibn Al-‘as was sitting in the shade of Kaaba, surrounded with people, so he sat by his side, and Abdullah said:

 “I accompanied the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) on a journey. We halted at a place. Some of us began to erect their tents, others began to compete with one another in shooting, and others began to graze their beasts, when an announcer of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him)  announced that the people should gather together for prayer. So we gathered around the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him)”.He said: “It was the duty of every Prophet that has gone before me to guide his followers to what he knew was good for them and warn them against what he knew was bad for them. However, this Ummah of yours has its days of peace and (security) at the beginning of its career, and in the last phase of its existence it will be afflicted with trials and with things disagreeable to you.“ [Muslim by Abdullah Ibn Omar]

This is part of a long Hadith. Hence, the missions of the Prophet so far as we mentioned, to convey the message, explain it, guide the nation to the best of their well fair, and to warn them from what is harmful to them.

4-Rearing people according to the Divine Shari’ah:

The forth Mission: to rear people according to the Divine Shari’ah. There is Share’h (Islamic laws) and Manhaj (Islamic method), but what is the difference between the two.

If I say to a student: “you have to memorize hundred lines of poetry”, this is called a law, it is the curriculum, and when the student asks: “How should I memorize them?” I say to him: “write them down on a small notebook, read five lines every day, repeat them in the morning and in the evening, write them down again, and read them to your friends, only then, you will be able to memorize them, so I show him by that the steps needed to memorize the lines and the method for it”. (so this is called the method)

Hence, the Prophet conveyed the descended texts as they were revealed (the Noble Qur’an), the meanings that were revealed to his heart in his own words (the Noble Qudsi Hadith), He explained those texts to the nation, and He guided them to the best of their well fair, and warned them of the worst, He showed them the Divine method, and how man can be righteous, and how he can please Allah.

5-Bearing witness that the Prophet conveyed the Divine message:

When you visit the Prophet’s shrine it is recommended that you say the following supplication:

“O Messenger of Allah, We bear witness that you have conveyed the Message, fulfilled the trust, offered sincere advice to Ummah (nation of Islam), relieved them from hardship, strove truly for the sake of Allah, and guided Allah’s servants to the right path”

Allah the Almighty says:

“(And (remember) the Day when We shall raise up from every nation a witness against them from amongst themselves. And We shall bring you (O Muhammad) as a witness against these. And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as Muslims).)” [Surat Al Nahl, 16:89]

The Prophet is a witness against us that He conveyed the message, but out of honoring the Prophet’snation, Allah made them also witnesses against all people, Allah says:

“(Thus We have made you [true Muslims - real believers of Islamic Monotheism, true followers of Prophet Muhammad and his Sunnah (legal ways)], a Wasat (just) (and the best) nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad) be a witness over you. And We made the Qiblah (prayer direction towards Jerusalem) which you used to face, only to test those who followed the Messenger (Muhammad) from those who would turn on their heels (i.e. disobey the Messenger). Indeed it was great (heavy) except for those whom Allah guided. And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. your prayers offered towards Jerusalem). Truly, Allah is full of kindness, the Most Merciful towards mankind.)” [Surat Al Baqara, 2:143]

The conclusion:

With a concise review, The Prophet’smissions are the following: first: conveying the Divine Shari’ah to people either as texts from Allah (Quran) or as meanings revealed to his heart and said in his words (Qudsi Hadith), second: explaining the meanings of those texts, third: guiding the nation to the best of their well fair and warn them from the worst, forth: rearing people according to the Divine Shari’ah.

Part of the Divine Shari’ah Method is to proselytize people without aiming at any worldly purpose, be gentle in our call to Allah, not to compromise people on Deen account, being a good example, being a witness against the Ummah that he conveyed the message, fulfilled the trust, and gave them advice, and these are some of the Prophet’smissions.

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds

 

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