Saturday 8 August 2020 \

 

The intention while studying

Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) is reported to have said, “All actions are based on intentions”.

 It is essential to have an intention during the course of one’s studies because the intention is fundamental in all actions. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) is reported to have said, “All actions are based on intentions”. This is an authentic hadiths narrated from Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

 How many actions are there which have the outward form of worldly actions but become actions of the hereafter merely by having a good intention. And how many actions are there which have the form of being actions of hereafter but they become actions of the world because of having an evil intention.

 The student, by means of seeking knowledge, should intend earning the pleasure of Allah (‘azza wa jall), obtaining the hereafter, removing ignorance from himself and other ignoramuses, reviving Din and maintaining Islam. The maintenance of Islam is through knowledge. Abstinence and piety cannot be achieved with ignorance.

 Imam Burhanud-din (rahimahullah), the author of Al-Hidaya, recited the following verses of a poet to me:

The scholar who exceeds the limits of Din is a cause of great corruption,

But the ignorant worshipper is even worse than him.

Whoever adopts the way of these two for his Din,

It will be a cause of dissension for him in his Din and his worldly life.

 The student should also intend being grateful to Allah (‘azza wa jall) for the bounties of intelligence and good health granted to him. The student should never have this in mind that due to his knowledge, people will honour and respect him, not try to gather the chattels of the world or the honour of rulers etc.

 Imam Muhammad Ibnul Hasan (rahimahullah) said, “If all the people of the world become my slaves, I will free them immediately and absolve myself from them completely”.

 The reason for this is that the one who experiences the taste of knowledge and practicing it, will perhaps very seldom desire what the people have.

 Our teacher, Imam Qiwamud-din Hammad Ibn Ibrahim Ibn Isma’il As-Saffar Al-Ansari (rahimahullah)1, quoted the following verses of Imam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) to us:

Whoever seeks knowledge to earn the hereafter,

succeeded with the guidance and grace of Allah.

Very unfortunate is that student who seeks knowledge

for the sake of the honour of the people.2

 However, if a student seeks honour for the sake of assisting him in enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong, or for implementing the truth and upholding Din, not for personal motives and carnal desires, it is permissible to the extent that it assists him in these avenues.

 A student should ponder that he is seeking knowledge with so much effort and exertion. Why should he then spend it on this despised world that is temporary and paltry.

This world is very little in comparison to the hereafter.

The one who has love and affection for it is the most despised man.

Its magical charm makes nations deaf and blind.

They become perplexed without finding any path.

 It is essential for the bearer of knowledge to be cautious of those things which cause disgrace to knowledge and its bearers.

 A student should be humble. Humility is between arrogance and disgrace. Chastity is the same. More details can be found in the book ‘Al-Akhlaq’.

 Sheikh Ruknud-din (rahimahullah)3, better known as Al-Adibul Mukhtar recited the following verses to me:

Humility is the trait of a pious person,

By means of it, a person can reach great heights.

Very strange is the one who is arrogant but he does not know whether he is fortunate or unfortunate.

During the pangs of death, how will his soul be removed? Will it be removed easily or with great difficulty?

Grandeur is an attribute of Allah.

Therefore be cautious in adopting this quality.

 Imam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) said to his companions, “Respect your turbans and be frugal in spending”.4

 He said this so that knowledge and its bearers are not despised. A student should carefully read Kitabul Wasiyah which Imam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) wrote for Yusuf Ibn Khalid As-Samti (rahimahullah)5 when he returned home. The student will find the necessary subject matter in it which he requires.

 My teacher, Burhanud-din ‘Ali Ibn Abi Bakr (rahimahullah) ordered me to write out this book. I complied with his request on my return journey home. The teacher and the mufti should study it when dealing with the general public.  

 

1. He was from Bukhara from a family of knowledge and abstinence. He was a jurist and an expert in linguistics. He passed away in Samarqand in 576 A.H. (1180 C.E.).

2. or that people must accept his status or give him gifts.

3. His name was Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr Ibn Yusuf Al-Farghani. He was a jurist and expert linguist. He passed away in Marghinan in 594 A.H. (1196 C.E.).

4. That is, a student should raise his personality so much that respect and honour flow from it. The aim of this is merely to honour knowledge and raise its status.

5. He was one of the students of Imam Abu Hanifah. Imam Shafi’I said that he was a distinguished personality. He learnt a great deal from Imam Abu Hanifah. Narrated ahadith from him. The people looked up to him. Then he turned his attention towards worshipping Allah. He passed away in 189 A.H. (805 C.E.).

 

*sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam – may Allah send blessings and salutations upon him

*‘azza wa jall – Allah is full of glory and sublimity

*rahimahullah – may Allah have mercy on him

 

From the book “Teaching the student the method of studying” by Sheikh Burhanul Islam Az-Zarnuji.

 

 

 

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