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Does one recite the Qunut aloud in Salah?

“And it is recommended to raise one’s hands [in qunut] without wiping one’s face according to what is most correct.”

Source : Shafiifiqh.com / 20 May 2013

Question: Does one recite Qunut aloud in Salah? What is the proof for doing so if it is done?

Answer:

الحمدللهربالعالمين،وصلىاللهعلىسيدنامحمدوعلىآلهوصحبهأجمعين،وباللهالتوفيق

According to the established verdict of the Madhdhab of Imam Ash-Shafi’i the Qunut is to be recited aloud. Imam An-Nawawi said,

والأصحندبالجهربهالامام, الصبحوغيرها

“And the most correct [view] is that it is recommended for the Imam to say [the qunut] aloud, in the morning prayer and other than it.”

The proofs for this view are found within the hadith of Abu Hurayrah (radiya Allahu ‘anhu) in which he said ‘Whenever the Nabi Muhammad wanted to make du’aa for someone or against someone he would make qunut after Ruku’ [...he then narrates the Du'aa...], and he would do this loudly (يجهربذلك). And he would say in some of his Salahs “Oh Allah curse so and so” until Allah revealed:

لَيْسَلَكَمِنَالْأَمْرِشَيْءٌأَوْيَتُوبَعَلَيْهِمْأَوْيُعَذِّبَهُمْفَإِنَّهُمْظَالِمُونَ

“Not for thee, (but for Allah), is the decision: Whether He turn in mercy to them, or punish them; for they are indeed wrong-doers.”[3:128]

This hadith is reported by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad 71532 and Sahih Al-Bukhari 45603 , as well as Imam Al-Bayhaqi in his Sunan 2905. See also Talkhis Al-Habir of Hafith Ibn Hajr Al-’Asqalani page 713, Adwa’ us-Salaf published, to see his utilization of this hadith as well.

Some have misunderstood this hadith by saying that this narration (and the many others like it in Sahih Al-Bukhari) indicate that the qunut was altogether abrogated by this verse, and thus the Nabi Muhammad abandoned it after the revelation of this verse. This is an incorrect notion, as the verse only stopped the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from cursing certain tribes, and did not stop the Qunut of Fajr. See the article “The Shafi’i Ruling as Well as the Proofs for Qunut in Fajr” for further elaboration.

There is also proof in the many narrations where the Sahabah narrating the incident said that they “heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)” saying [...]. What is apparent from the many narrations that say such is that he (‘alayhis salam) would say it aloud, or else the narrators would not have been able to “hear” him.

There are also reports that the rightly guided Caliphs recited it aloud as well:

Through another chain from Abu Raf’i who said,

عنأبيرافعقالصليتخلفعمربنالخطابرضىاللهتعالىعنهفقنتبعدالركوعورفعيديهوجهربالدعاء

“From Abu Rafi’ who said, I prayed behind Umar ibn Al-Khattab and he made Qunut after his Ruku’, he raised his hands, and he said the Du’aa aloud.”

This is also narrated authentically from Abu ‘Uthman An-Nahdi in the Sunan of Imam Al-Bayhaqi. All of this proves that the Rasulullah and His companions said the Qunut aloud.

Question:

Does one raise their hands for Qunut in Fajr and Witr? What is the proof for it if so?

Answer:

الحمدللهربالعالمين،وصلىاللهعلىسيدنامحمدوعلىآلهوصحبهأجمعين،وباللهالتوفيق

Imam An-Nawawi states in his Kitab At-Tahqiq,

يندبرفعيديهدونمسحوجههفيالأصح

“And it is recommended to raise one’s hands [in qunut] without wiping one’s face according to what is most correct.”

Ibn Naqib Al-Masri states in his ‘Umdat As-Salik (Reliance of the Traveller),

“While performing the dawn prayer it is Sunna to lift one’s hands and supplicate after straightening up from bowing in the second raka’ah. [...] one does not stroke the face or chest with one’s hands after the supplication.”

Before continuing to the actual question of raising the hands, we should clarify that it is the Sunnah of the Nabi (‘alayhis salam) to wipe his face after du’aa, however Imam An-Nawawi states that one is only to do it outside of Salah and not within it, as there is no evidence to conclude that the Prophet Muhammad (‘alayhis salam)  wiped his face within Salah. There is, however, a weaker view in our school that it is to be done. Such was held by Al-Qadi Abu Tayyib, Shaykh Abu Muhammad Al-Juwayni, Ibn As-Sabbagh, Al-Mutawalli, Shaykh Nasr in his Kitab, and the author of Al-Bayan.2 However, according to Imams An-Nawawi, Ar-Rafi’i and Al-Bayhaqi as well as others, it is not Sunnah and is disliked to do so within Salah – though outside of Salah is Sunnah. This topic was researched in depth in another article on Shafiifiqh.com titled, “Wiping the face after making du’aa”. Imam Al-Bayhaqi said in his Sunan Al-Kubra:

فأمامسحاليدينبالوجهعندالفراغمنالدعاءفلستأحفظهعنأحدمنالسلففيدعاءالقنوتوإنكانيرويبعضهمفيالدعاءخارجالصلاة

“As for wiping the face with the hands and the end of one’s du’aa, then this is not preserved  from anyone from amongst the salaf (righteous predecessors) in the Du’aa of the Qunut, and it is reported from some of them with regards to du’aa outside of Salah.”

And Allah Knows Best!

 

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