Tuesday 16 July 2019 \

 

Are Muslims taught to hate the infidels or to love their neighbors?

None of you has faith until he loves for his brother or his neighbor what he loves for himself.

By Abu Amina Elias / 27 Jul 2013

Question:

Are Muslims taught to hate the infidels?

Answer:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

The Prophet taught Muslims to love goodness for all creation, to treat people the way they would love to be treated, and to hate sinful deeds but not the sinners who commit them.

Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

 لَايُؤْمِنُأَحَدُكُمْحَتَّىيُحِبَّلِأَخِيهِأَوْقَالَلِجَارِهِمَايُحِبُّلِنَفْسِهِ

None of you has faith until he loves for his brother or his neighbor what he loves for himself.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 13, Grade: Sahih

An-Nawawi commented on this tradition, saying:

 الأولىأنيحملذلكعلىعمومالأخوةحتىيشملالكافروالمسلمفيحبلأخيهالكافرمايحبلنفسه… والمرادبالمحبةإرادةالخيروالمنفعةثمالمرادالمحبةالدينيةلاالمحبةالبشرية

It is better to interpret this as brotherhood in general, such that it includes the disbeliever and the Muslim. So he should love for his brother, the disbeliever, what he loves for himself… The meaning of love here is an intention for good and benefit, and this meaning is religious love, not human love.

Source: Sharh Arba’een An-Nawawi

Therefore, Muslims have been commanded to love their neighbors as themselves, whether they are Muslims or non-Muslims, righteous or sinful. This involves treating people as if they were our own selves.

Abdullah ibn Amr (may Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

 مَنْأَحَبَّأَنْيُزَحْزَحَعَنْالنَّارِوَيَدْخُلَالْجَنَّةَفَلْتُدْرِكْهُمَنِيَّتُهُوَهُوَيُؤْمِنُبِاللَّهِوَالْيَوْمِالْآخِرِوَيَأْتِيإِلَىالنَّاسِمَايُحِبُّأَنْيُؤْتَىإِلَيْهِ

Whoever would love to be delivered from the Hellfire and entered into Paradise, then let him die with faith in Allah and the Last Day, and let him treat the people the way he would love to be treated.

Source: Sahih Muslim 1844 Grade: Sahih

Likewise, Muslims have been warned about hatred, which is a desire to harm others. Anas ibn Malik reported:

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَاتَبَاغَضُواوَلَاتَحَاسَدُواوَلَاتَدَابَرُواوَكُونُواعِبَادَاللَّهِإِخْوَانًا

Do not hate each other, do not envy each other, do not turn away from each other, but rather be servants of Allah as brothers.

Source: Sahih Muslim 2559 Grade: Sahih

Az-Zubair ibn Awwam (may Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

دَبَّإِلَيْكُمْدَاءُالْأُمَمِقَبْلَكُمْالْحَسَدُوَالْبَغْضَاءُوَالْبَغْضَاءُهِيَالْحَالِقَةُحَالِقَةُالدِّينِلَاحَالِقَةُالشَّعَرِوَالَّذِينَفْسُمُحَمَّدٍبِيَدِهِلَاتُؤْمِنُواحَتَّىتَحَابُّواأَفَلَاأُنَبِّئُكُمْبِشَيْءٍإِذَافَعَلْتُمُوهُتَحَابَبْتُمْأَفْشُواالسَّلَامَبَيْنَكُمْ

There has come to you the disease of the nations before you: envy and hatred, and hatred is the razor; it shaves the religion and it does not shave hair. By the one in whose hand is my soul, you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I tell you something which, if you did, you would love each other? Spread peace between yourselves.

Source: Musnad Ahmad 1415 Grade: Sahih

Ibn Hajar wrote in his commentary:

وَلَايَتِمُّذَلِكَإِلَّابِتَرْكِالْحَسَدِوَالْغِلِّوَالْحِقْدِوَالْغِشِّ

Faith is not complete until a Muslim abandons envy, rancor, malice, and fraud.

Source: Fath ul-Bari

Muslims have been taught to hate the evil deeds people commit, but not the people themselves.

Allah says: وَكَرَّهَإِلَيْكُمُالْكُفْرَوَالْفُسُوقَوَالْعِصْيَانَۚأُولَٰئِكَهُمُالرَّاشِدُونَ

He has made hateful to you unbelief, wickedness, and disobedience; those are the rightly-guided.

Surah Al-Hujurat 49:7

That is, Allah has made a condition of faith the hatred of unbelief (kufr) but not hatred of the unbeliever (kafir). In other words, Muslims hate the sin but not the sinner.

Abu Qilaba (may Allah be pleased with him) reported:

Abu Ad-Darda, may Allah be pleased with him, once came upon a man who was being beaten because of his sin, and they were abusing him.

He said, “What do you think if he had fallen into a well, would you not try to rescue him?” They said, “Yes.” He said, “Then do not abuse your brother, and praise Allah who has protected you from sin.” They said, “Do you not hate him?”

He said:

إِنَّمَاأُبْغِضُعَمَلَهُفَإِذَاتَرَكَهُفَهُوَأَخِي

Verily, I only hate his sinful deed, but when he leaves it then he is still my brother.

Source: Hilyat Al-Awliya 793

In fact, the companions of the Prophet asked him how a person can hate for the sake of Allah, and the Prophet responded that true hatred for the sake of Allah is to hate for people what we hate for ourselves; that is, to hate for them to be harmed.

Sahl ibn Mu’adh (may Allah be pleased with him) reported:

His father heard from the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him:

أَفْضَلُالْإِيمَانِأَنْتُحِبَّلِلَّهِوَتُبْغِضَفِياللَّهِوَتُعْمِلَلِسَانَكَفِيذِكْرِاللَّهِ

The most virtuous faith is to love for the sake of Allah, to hate for the sake of Allah, and to work your tongue in the remembrance of Allah.

Mu’adh said, “How is that, O Messenger of Allah?”

He, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

وَأَنْتُحِبَّلِلنَّاسِمَاتُحِبُّلِنَفْسِكَوَتَكْرَهَلَهُمْمَاتَكْرَهُلِنَفْسِكَوَأَنْتَقُولَخَيْرًاأَوْتَصْمُتَ

That you love for the people what you love for yourself, and you hate for the people what you hate for yourself, and that you speak goodness or remain silent.

Source: Musnad Ahmad 21627 Grade: Hasan

Abu Muntafiq (may Allah be pleased with him) reported:

He said, “O Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, teach me what will save me from Allah’s punishment and enter me into Paradise.”

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

اعْبُدِاللَّهَوَلاتُشْرِكْبِهِشَيْئًاوَأَقِمِالصَّلاةَالْمَكْتُوبَةَوَأَدِّالزَّكَاةَالْمَفْرُوضَةَوَحُجَّوَاعْتَمِرْوَأَظُنُّهُقَالَوَصُمْرَمَضَانَوَانْظُرْمَاتُحِبُّلِلنَّاسِأَنْيَأْتُوهُإِلَيْكَفَافْعَلْهُبِهِمْوَمَاتَكْرَهُأَنْيَأْتُوهُإِلَيْكَفَذَرْهُمْمِنْهُ

Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him, establish the prescribed prayers, give the obligatory charity, fast the month of Ramadan, and however you love for the people to treat you, then treat them that way, and however you hate for the people to treat you, then do not treat them that way.

Source: Al-Ma’jam Al-Kabeer At-Tabarani 15833 Grade: Hasan

For this reason, Ibn Hajar cites the scholar Al-Kirmani as saying:

وَمِنَالْإِيمَانِأَيْضًاأَنْيُبْغِضَلِأَخِيهِمَايُبْغِضُلِنَفْسِهِمِنَالشَّرِّ

It is part of faith to hate evil for his brother as he hates it for himself.

Source: Fath ul-Bari

In conclusion, a Muslim is taught to desire good and benefit for all people, even the animals. Likewise, a Muslim should never hate a person in the sense of desiring harm for them. Rather, Muslims only hate sinful deeds but not the people who commit them.

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

 

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